Publication 107

Crustal rheology of the Himalaya and Southern Tibet inferred from magnetotelluric data

Unsworth, M.J., A.G. Jones, W. Wei, G. Marquis, S. Gokarn, J.E. Spratt, and the INDEPTH-MT team

Abstract

The Cenozoic collision between the Indian and Asian continents formed the Tibetan plateau, beginning about 70 million years ago. Since this time, at least 1,400km of convergence has been accommodated1 by a combination of underthrusting of Indian2 and Asian lithosphere, crustal shortening3, horizontal extrusion4 and lithospheric delamination5. Rocks exposed in the Himalaya show evidence of crustal melting1,6 and are thought to have been exhumed by rapid erosion and climatically forced crustal flow7,8. Magnetotelluric data can be used to image subsurface electrical resistivity, a parameter sensitive to the presence of interconnected fluids in the host rock matrix, even at low volume fractions. Here we present magnetotelluric data from the Tibetan–Himalayan orogen from 778E to 92 E, which show that low resistivity, interpreted as a partially molten layer, is present along at least 1,000 km of the southern margin of the Tibetan plateau. The inferred low viscosity of this layer is consistent with the development of climatically forced crustal flow in Southern Tibet.

Source

Nature, 438, 78-81, doi: 10.1038/nature04154, 2005.

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Alan G Jones / 21 April 2006 / alan-at-cp.dias.ie