Constraints on the evolution of crustal flow beneath northern Tibet
Le Pape, F., A.G. Jones, M.J. Unsworth, J. Vozar, W. Wei, J. Sheng, G. Ye, J. Jing, H. Dong, L. Zhang, and C. Xie
Crustal flow is an important tectonic process active in continent-continent collisions and which may be significant in the
development of convergent plate boundaries.
In this study, the results from multi-dimensional electrical conductivity modeling have been combined with laboratory studies of
the rheology of partially molten rocks to characterize the rheological behavior of the middle-to-lower crust of both the
Songpan-Ganzi and Kunlun terranes in the northern Tibetan Plateau.
Two different methods are adopted to develop constraints on melt fraction, temperature and crustal flow velocity in the study area.
The estimates of these parameters are then used to evaluate whether crustal flow can occur on the northern margin of the Tibetan plateau.
In the Songpan-Ganzi crust, all conditions are satisfied for topography-driven channel flow to be dominant, with partial melt not
being required for flow at temperature above 1000 degC.
Further north, the Kunlun fault defines the southern boundary of a transition zone between the Tibetan plateau and the Qaidam basin.
Constrained by the estimated melt fractions, it is shown that channel injection across the fault requires temperatures close to 900 degC.
The composition of igneous rocks found at the surface confirm those conditions are met for the southern Kunlun ranges.
To the north, the Qaidam basin is characterized by colder crust that may reflect an earlier stage in the channel injection process.
In the study area at least 10% of the eastward directed Tibetan crustal flow could be deflected northwards across the Kunlun Fault and injected
into the transition zone defining the northern margin of the Tibetan plateau.
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16, doi: 10.1002/2015GC005828. [PDF]
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Alan G Jones / 04 January 2016 /
alan.jones.geophysics -at- gmail.com