Publication 186

Geomagnetically Induced Currents in the Irish Power Network during Geomagnetic Storms

Blake, S.P., P.T. Gallagher, J. McCauley, A.G. Jones, C. Hogg, J. Campanya, C.D. Beggan, A.W.P. Thomson, G.S. Kelly, and D. Bell


Geomagnetically induced currents (GICs) are a well-known terrestrial space weather hazard. They occur in power transmission networks and are known to have adverse e ects in both high and mid-latitude countries. Here, we study GICs in the Irish power transmission network (geomagnetic latitude 54.7{58.5 N) during five geomagnetic storms (06-07 March 2016, 20-21 December 2015, 17-18 March 2015, 29-31 October 2003 and 13-14 March 1989). We simulate electric fields using a plane wave method together with two ground resistivity models, one of which is derived from magnetotelluric measurements (MT model). We then calculate GICs in the 220, 275 and 400 kV transmission network. During the largest of the storm periods studied, the peak electric eld was calculated to be as large as 3.8 V/km, with associated GICs of up to 23 A using our MT model. Using our homogenous resistivity model, those peak values were 1.46 V/km and 25.8 A. We find that three 400 and 275 kV substations are the most likely locations for the Irish transformers to experience large GICs.


Space Weather, 14, 1136–1154, doi:10.1002/2016SW001534. [PDF], [Movie 1], [Movie 2], [Movie 3]

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Alan G Jones / 28 February 2017 / alan.jones.geophysics -at-